Aspiration and Injection of Joints
Arthrocentesis, commonly known as joint aspiration, is a minor surgical procedure that involves draining fluid from a joint with a sterile needle and syringe. This may be performed for diagnostic and treatment purposes in patients with swelling, inflammation and pain within joints such as the shoulders, knees and hips.
The aspiration of a joint is performed under local anesthetic and involves inserting a needle with a syringe attached to it into the affected joint. Fluid within the joint is drawn, or aspirated, into the syringe and then sent to a laboratory for complete testing. The results of this testing can determine the cause of joint swelling or arthritis and help patients achieve effective symptom relief. In some cases, cortisone medication may be injected into the joint during this procedure in order to relieve pain and swelling.
This procedure is considered safe for most patients with only minor risks of bruising and bleeding at the site of the injection.
Joint injections are a minimally invasive treatment option typically used to relieve pain caused by inflammatory joint conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, tendonitis, bursitis and gout. Certain medications, such as corticosteroids or viscosupplementation, which are used to reduce inflammation and minimize pain, are injected into the affected joint. This medication only affects the targeted area and does not usually cause side effects. Joint injections are administered under local anesthesia and only cause mild, brief discomfort for patients.
In order to ensure the precise administration and most effective results from joint injections, these treatments may be performed under ultrasound guidance. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to produce real-time images of the internal structures of the body, with no radiation and no side effects.
Joint injections can be used to relieve pain in areas such as the:
Most patients experiencing joint pain can benefit from therapeutic joint injections and are considered good candidates for treatment. The only contraindications for this treatment are the presence of an infection in the joint or an allergy to one or more of the medications to be used. We will develop a customized treatment plan for each individual patient in order to achieve maximum pain relief.
A nebulizer is a small medical machine used to treat breathing problems in infants, young children and anyone who is unable to use an inhaler on their own. It can successfully help those experiencing wheezing, chest tightness and other complications. Nebulizers are a common form of treatment for those with asthma, bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
A nebulizer treatment involves the use of an ultrasonic machine with a mask for very young children or a mouthpiece attached. Through the attached tubing, the machine sprays a fine mist of medication directly into the air passages. This can help loosen mucus in the lungs and relax the airway muscles to promote proper breathing.
Your physician will show you the correct technique for using a nebulizer. It is essential to take deep breaths of the mist and hold them. This will ensure that the medication reaches the patient’s lungs thoroughly enough to do its job. The treatment is not complete until all of the medication has been dissolved from the nebulizer.
Nebulizer treatments help patients receive the correct dosage of medicine through an easy-to-use, safe and highly effective treatment that can be used at home with the help of a parent or other responsible adult. Each treatment takes about 15 to 20 minutes to administer. Your doctor will provide you with specific instructions to properly utilize this convenient treatment so that the patient will be comfortable and experience an improvement in symptoms.
Different medications may be prescribed for use in the nebulizer and some of these can produce side effects. Most are mild and not serious, but if the patient is developing a rash, dizziness or difficulty breathing, he or she may be having a reaction. In that situation, it is imperative to seek medical assistance immediately.
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