Monday, August 4th, 2014
There are two main methods for treating acute migraines. One method is abortive, which is when efforts are made to alleviate pain and stop the migraine through use of over-the-counter pain relief medications. The second method for treating acute migraines is preventative medications, which is used primarily for individuals suffering from chronic migraines.
Abortive methods for treating acute migraines generally include a combination of acetaminophen, aspirin and caffeine found in OTC medications such as Excedrin® Migraine. Migraines can vary in intensity, and sometimes OTC drugs and relaxing in a dark quiet room isn't enough to conquer the pain. For more severe migraines, medical attention may be required.
A migraine is considered to be severe if it induces nausea or vomiting, cold sweats, weakness, disorientation, changes in vision or hearing, and lasts more than 4 hours, and up to 3 days or more. If a migraine has persisted and intensified, a physician may prescribe triptans. Triptans are prescription drugs used to stop a migraine, however they will not prevent them from happening in the future. These drugs work to narrow blood vessels in the brain to relieve swelling. Some triptans are available in tablet form, while others are injected or used as a nasal spray.
If migraine pain is unbearable and at extreme intensity accompanied by other symptoms, it may be crucial to seek urgent medical care. Depending on the length of the migraine and other symptoms, intravenous drugs called antiemetics (used to control or stop vomiting) and dihydroergotamine (DHE), a drug that is similar to, but stronger than many types of triptans may be prescribed.
Individuals suffering migraines on a frequent basis should visit their primary care physician to make sure that there isn't a larger medical problem present causing the migraines. Chronic migraines may be treated through preventative medications such as beta-blockers, antidepressants, and in some cases, BOTOX® injections.
Acute Migraine Treatment in Astoria
To learn more about acute migraine headaches, or any other conditions we treat, contact Dr. Katechis to schedule a consultation, or visit us today. Walk-ins are always welcome at our office in Astoria. You can reach us directly at (718) 204-7550. We look forward to meeting you.